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What is Medical Oncology?

Cancer is an increasingly important health problem in our country as well as in the world. The most common cancers in our country are breast, lung, large intestine, rectum, cervix, ovary, stomach, and pancreas in women; In men, it can be listed as lung, prostate, large intestine, rectum, stomach and pancreas. Medical Oncology is a specialty of internal medicine and has an important place in the coordination of cancer patients. The approach to diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients is possible with the joint decision of all units related to the disease. One of the most important tasks of the Medical Oncology Clinic is the planning and application of drug therapy.
How Does Cancer Drug Treatment Work?
In the Medical Oncology Clinic, cancer drug treatment is determined according to the type of cancer, the stage of the disease, the pathological characteristics of the cancer cell, the genetic changes that occur in the cancer cells, the age of the patient, co-morbidities and performance. For this evaluation, the treatment plan and drug selection are carried out in cooperation with other branches. Today, cancer drug treatment varies according to each patient; So it gets personal.
Which drug is used in cancer treatment?
There are various groups of drugs in the treatment of cancer.

The first group is “chemotherapy drugs” aimed at destroying cancer cells.
The second group is “targeted drugs” that prevent cancer cells from living and multiplying by disrupting the mechanisms that enable cancer cells to grow and multiply.
They are “anti-hormone drugs” in cancer types (such as breast, prostate cancer) that develop sensitive to the effect of hormones.
The other group is; They are “support drugs”. They are used both in adverse conditions caused by the disease and against the side effects that develop due to treatments.
Recently, there are immunotherapy drugs that strengthen the patient’s fight against cancer by strengthening the immune system. The drugs used in cancer treatment also differ according to the purpose.

The Goal of the Department of Medical Oncology is Disease Eradication
In addition to surgical treatment in the early stages of the disease, it can be applied in high-risk patients after surgery to eliminate microscopic disease. It can also be used to shrink the tumor before surgery and prevent its spread. In some cases, it can be performed simultaneously with radiotherapy during radiotherapy or before or after radiotherapy. It is aimed to completely eradicate the disease when applied together with local treatments in early stage non-disseminated diseases.
Chemotherapy and Drug Treatment Can Be Applied Together in Medical Oncology Clinic
In cases of disseminated or recurrent disease in the advanced period; Chemotherapy, targeted drugs, or both can be administered to control the disease, prevent its spread, and prolong life.

The aim in this process is to prevent the disease from turning into a chronic disease and harming the patient. In some patients whose disease is controlled with medication at this stage, surgery may be added for residual tumors.
What Does Medical Oncology Look For?
Medical Oncology Clinic;
breast cancer
Lung cancer
Gastrointestinal cancers
pancreatic cancer
liver cancer
Gallbladder and tract cancers
ovarian cancer
cervical cancer
Uterine cancer
Head and neck tumors
Osteosarcoma and soft tissue sarcomas
brain tumors
Kidney-bladder cancers
Prostate cancer
Testicular cancer
malignant melanoma
thyroid cancer
It provides diagnosis, treatment and follow-up process in many cancer types such as
What is Medical Oncology Treatment?
In the Medical Oncology Clinic, specialists carry out the follow-up and treatment of cancer patients. They act together with all branches related to this process. In the Tumor Council, the most appropriate treatment approaches are planned for the patients. All kinds of chemotherapy, targeted therapies, hormone therapy, immunotherapy and cancer supportive treatments are specially planned for each patient by medical oncology specialists and applied by an experienced team. These applications are usually in the form of day treatment. Inpatient treatment can also be provided when deemed necessary or desired. It attaches great importance to the time, safety and professional follow-up of its patients. Therefore, it incorporates the highest technologies. With Artificial Intelligence applications, the efficiency and success of chemotherapy in cancer treatment are increasing. Oncology artificial intelligence system started to be implemented. Medical oncology specialists followed quickly and safely in the treatment of their patients and put them into practice.
What are Other Units Associated with Medical Oncology?
Radiation oncology
Medical Oncology
Nuclear medicine
General Surgery
Ear Nose Throat Surgery
Chest Diseases
Thoracic Surgery
Brain surgery