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What is Eye Cataract?

Cataract in the eye is an eye disease that is frequently seen in middle-aged and older people, causing the eye lens to lose its transparency over time, causing blurred vision.
Cataract Onset:
Just behind our pupil is our natural lens, which gives our eyes 10 refractive indexes at a distance and 13 at a distance. Our natural lens starts to become opaque by losing its transparency with advancing age. Cataract does not completely affect vision initially.

What Are the Symptoms of Cataract?
* As the most obvious symptoms of cataract,
* Decreased vision,
* Deterioration of night vision,
* Blurred vision in sunny weather,
* Sensitivity to light,
* Frequent changes in glasses numbers,
* We can list complaints such as blurring in colors.
Is It Possible to Prevent Cataract?
It is not possible to completely prevent cataract disease. However, precautions can be taken against the risk of cataract formation:
* Protection from sun rays, using sunglasses,
* Correct and balanced nutrition,
* Avoiding smoking and alcohol consumption,
* Keeping the disease of people with diabetes (diabetes) under control.
At What Ages Are Cataracts Seen?
Cataract manifests itself with a slight dulling and hardening in the lens of the eye in people aged 50-60 on average.

However, it can be observed at an earlier age, even in infancy. Cataracts can also be seen in diabetics, those who have had a stroke in the eye, or those who use cortisone for a long time.
How Is Cataract In The Eye Treated?
It is not possible to pass the formed cataract with medication or glasses. The only treatment for cataract is surgery. As the cataract progresses, it begins to disturb the patient’s life by significantly reducing the vision.

However, it can be observed at an earlier age, even in infancy. Cataracts can also be seen in diabetics, those who have had a stroke in the eye, or those who use cortisone for a long time.
How Is Cataract In The Eye Treated?
It is not possible to pass the formed cataract with medication or glasses. The only treatment for cataract is surgery. As the cataract progresses, it begins to disturb the patient’s life by significantly reducing the vision.

The technology used for cataract surgery and the quality of the lens placed in the eye determine the success of the surgery and most importantly the quality of vision of the patient.
How long does cataract surgery last?
Cataract surgery takes about 15-20 minutes. After the operation, the patient can be discharged on the same day. If cataracts have occurred in both eyes of the person, the operation is performed at intervals determined by the doctor; Both eyes are intervened at certain intervals.

What is the Treatment of Cataract?
The only treatment for cataract is surgery. The cloudy lens is surgically removed. When the natural lens is removed, the eye will be deprived of 10 in the distance and 13 in the near future. Therefore, during cataract surgery, a new lens is inserted into the eye with the strength needed by the eye. Today, the most common method of cataract surgery is phacoemulsification, briefly called phaco.

These operations can be performed under drip, local or general anesthesia, depending on the surgeon’s preference. It is often mistakenly thought of as laser cataract surgery because there is no suture. In fact, there is also laser cataract surgery. In femtosecond laser phaco surgery, some surgical interventions are performed with laser first. Phaco surgery is completed with some stages ready.

Computer-aided femtosecond laser technology, being the most advanced technology in the world in cataract operations, increases the safety of surgery and ensures perfect positioning of the newly inserted lens. Another factor as important as the technologies used in cataract treatment is the artificial lenses to be placed in the eye.

With the lenses placed in the eye during cataract surgery, the existing astigmatism in the eye can be corrected, and the need for far and near glasses can be eliminated. If a single focal lens is worn without considering astigmatism, the patient wears both distance and near glasses. If a single-focal lens that corrects astigmatism is worn, the patient sees far without glasses and wears near glasses while reading. For patients who want to see both far and near without glasses, special lenses such as trifocal, EDOF, new technology monofocal or adaptive lenses can be worn. It is possible to perform an early cataract surgery and wear special lenses to provide a life without glasses in suitable patients who do not have cataracts.
What Should Be Considered for Cataract Surgery?
Cataract treatment is carried out painlessly with the development of modern techniques. The success of cataract treatment is as much as the experience of the physician, the technologies used, the consumables, and the quality of the lens.
When the right lens is chosen, the person can see clearly after the surgery and the quality of vision adds comfort to his life. While choosing the lens; Many important factors such as age, lifestyle, hobbies, occupation and eye structure should be taken into consideration. The lenses used must have undergone adequate tests and their success must be proven with a quality certificate.
Is Cataract Surgery Risky?
As with all surgeries, cataract surgery has some risks. However, thanks to the developing technology and methods, the success of cataract surgeries is quite high. In addition, with timely intervention without delay, the risks of complications that may occur in cataract surgery will be minimized. Lens selection and correct application is the most important stage of this surgery. The type and degree of the lens to be attached to the patient’s eye, the angle at which it will be placed on the eye, and the lens number (which can correct both astigmatism and distance and near) should be determined exactly after the measurements. These lenses do not cause allergies or are not accepted by the tissue. Intraocular lenses inserted during surgery remain in the patient’s eyes for life.